Apples

Apples

Nutritional Profile Energy value (calories per serving): Low Protein: Low Fat: Low Saturated fat: Low Cholesterol: None Carbohydrates: High Fiber: High Sodium: Low (fresh or dried fruit) High (dried fruit treated with sodium sulfur compounds) Major vitamin contribution: Vitamin C Major mineral contribution: Potassium About the Nutrients in This Food Apples are a high-fiber fruit with insoluble cellulose and lignin in the peel and soluble pectins in the flesh. Their most important vitamin is vitamin C. One fresh apple, 2.5 inches in diameter, has 2.4 g dietary fiber and 4.6…

MALUS PUMILA

MALUS PUMILA

Mill.Synonym ► M. domestica Borkh. M. sylvestris Hort. non-Mill. Pyrus malus Linn. in part.Family ► Rosaceae.Habitat ► Native to Europe and West Asia; now cultivated in Himachal Pradesh., Kashmir, Kulu, Kumaon, Assam and in the Nilgiris.English ► Cultivated Apple.Ayurvedic ► Sinchitikaa.Folk ► Seb, Sev.Action ► Bark—anthelmintic, refrigerant, hypnotic, given in intermittent, remittent and bilious fevers. Leaves—inhibit the growth of a number of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.The fruit contains malic (90-95% of the total acids), citric, lactic and succinic acids; (unripe fruit contains quinic acid, citric acid, succinic acid, lactic acid);…

WILD CRAB APPLE OR WILD APPLE

WILD CRAB APPLE OR WILD APPLE

Malus speciesDescription: Most wild apples look enough like domestic apples that the survivor can easily recognize them. Wild apple varieties are much smaller than cultivated kinds; the largest kinds usually do not exceed 5 to 7.5 centimeters in diameter, and most often less. They have small, alternate, simple leaves and often have thorns. Their flowers are white or pink and their fruits reddish or yellowish.Habitat and Distribution: They are found in the savanna regions of the tropics. In temperate areas, wild apple varieties are found mainly in forested areas. Most…

SYZYGIUM MALACCENSE

SYZYGIUM MALACCENSE

(Linn.) Merrill & Perry.Synonym ► Eugenia malccensis Linn.Family ► Myrtaceae.Habitat ► Cultivated in Bengal and South India, chiefly in gardens.English ► Malay Apple, Mountain Apple.Action ► Leaves—dried and powdered, used against stomatitis. Bark—astringent; used for making a mouthwash for thrush.The extracts of seeds, fruits, leaves, stem and bark show varying degree of antibiotic activity against Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus. An extract of fruits (without seeds) is moderately effective against E. coli and those of bark and leaves against Shigella paradys.The extracts of the plant, excluding root, affect the rate and…

CUCURBITS

CUCURBITS

Cucurbitaceae The family Cucurbitaceae includes a large group of plants which are medicinally valuable. The important genera belonging to the family are Trichosanthes, Lagenaria, Luffa, Benincasa, Momordica, Cucumis, Citrullus, Cucurbita, Bryonopsis and Corallocarpus. The medicinally valuable species of these genera are discussed below. 1. Trichosanthes dioica Roxb. Eng: Wild Snake-gourd; San: Meki,Pargavi, Parvara, Patola; Hin: Palval, Parvar Ben: Potol; Mal: Kattupatavalam, Patolam; Tam: Kombuppudalai; Tel: Kommupotta Wild snake-gourd is a slender-stemmed, extensively climbing, more or less scabrous and woolly herb found throughout the plains of N. India, extending to Assam…

CHAMOMILE

CHAMOMILE

Anthemis nobilis. N.O. Compositae. Synonym ► Double Chamomile, Roman Chamomile. Habitat ► Gravelly heaths. Indigenous to Britain, and cultivated in Belgium, Germany and France. Features ► The creeping stem throws up short, leafy, flowering branches. The leaves are pinnately divided into short, hairy leaflets. Yellow centred, with a fringe of white petals, the flowers grow singly on leafless flower stalks; the familiar double flowers are produced under cultivation. The taste is very bitter, and, in view of the resemblance which the strong, aromatic smell has to that of the apple,…

EMBLICA OFFICINALIS

EMBLICA OFFICINALIS

Gaertn.Synonym ► Phyllanthus emblica Linn.Family ► Euphorbiaceae.Habitat ► Native to tropical Southeast Asia; distributed throughout India; also planted in public parks.English ► Emblic, Indian gooseberry.Ayurvedic ► Aaamalaki, Aaamalaka, Dhaatri, Kaayasthaa, Amoghaa, Amritaphala, Amla, Aaamalaa, Dhaatriphala, Vayasyaa, Vrshya, Shiva, Hattha.Unani ► Aamalaa, Amlaj.Siddha/Tamil ► Nellikkaai, Nelli.Action ► Fruit—antianaemic, anabolic, antiemetic, bechic, astringent, antihaemorrhagic, antidiarrhoeal, diuretic, antidiabetic, carminative, antioxidant. Used in jaundice, dyspepsia, bacillary dysentery, eye trouble and as a gastrointestinal tonic. Juice with turmeric powder and honey is prescribed in diabetes insipidus. Seed—antibilious, antiasthmatic. Used in bronchitis. Bark—astringent. Leaf—juice is given…

13 surprising home remedies for acid reflux

13 surprising home remedies for acid reflux

13 surprising home remedies for acid reflux Before you reach for the heavy-duty, prescription-strength drugs, give these suggestions a try. Acid reflux or GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), which is a more scientific way to describe heartburn, affects 50 percent of Americans. While heartburn suggests you just ate a pizza that bothered you, GERD is when food, acid contents, bilious material or pancreatic juices travel back up into your esophagus, causing trouble more than twice a week, says Patricia Raymond, a gastroenterologist in Chesapeake, Va. The acid solution that splashes up…

ANNONA SQUAMOSA

ANNONA SQUAMOSA

Linn.Family ► Annonaceae.Habitat ► A native to South America and the West Indies; now cultivated throughout India.English ► Custard Apple, Sugar Apple, Sweet-sop.Ayurvedic ► Gandagaatra, Sitaa phala (also equated with Curcurbita maxima).Unani ► Sharifaa.Siddha/Tamil ► Sitaaphalam, Atta.Action ► Leaves—insecticide (seed powder, mixed with leaf juice is used for removing lice from scalp). Seeds—abortifacient. Root— purgative, used in blood dysentery.Fruit—invigorating, sedative to heart, antibilious, antiemetic, expectorant. Dried, powdered unripe fruits—used for treating ulcers. Ripe fruit made into paste with betel leaves is applied to tumour to hasten suppuration. Leaves, bark, unripe…

CHERRIES

CHERRIES

Nutritional Profile Energy value (calories per serving): Low Protein: Moderate Fat: Low Saturated fat: Low Cholesterol: None Carbohydrates: High Fiber: Moderate Sodium: Low Major vitamin contribution: Vitamin A (sour cherries), vitamin C Major mineral contribution: Potassium About the Nutrients in This Food Cherries have moderate amounts of fiber, insoluble cellulose and lignin in the skin and soluble pectins in the flesh, plus vitamin C. One cup fresh red sweet cherries (two ounces, without pits) has 3.2 g dietary fiber, 64 IU vitamin A (.2 percent of the R DA) and…