Synonym ► C. religiosumc(Linn.) Alston.

Family ► Cochlospermaceae.

Habitat ► Andhra Pradesh, Karnata- ka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar; cultivated at Agartala in Tripura.

English ► Golden Silk tree, White Silk Cotton tree.

Unani ► Samagh, Kateeraa (substitute for gum tragacanth).

Siddha/Tamil ► Kongilam (flower juice), Tanaku.

Action ► Gum—cooling, sedative, bechic, useful in coughs, hoarse throat, diarrhoea, dysentery, scalding urine. Dried leaves and flowers—stimulant.

The leaves contain terpenoids, saponins and tannins. Flowers contain naringenin and beta-sitosteryl-gluco- side (0.3%). The gum, after hydrolysis, furnished a mixture of acidic oligosac- charides.