The inability to carry out a social, occupational or other activity that could normally be done by a person without such a handicap. The handicap may be partial or complete, physical or mental, and may result from disease, injury or inherited disorder. The extent of the handicap is measured against the normal function of those in a peer group. The impairment may be functionally rather than physically based, in which case the aﬀected person may not always be aware of it until revealed by a clinical examination. Considerable government and voluntary community eﬀorts have been made to lessen the day-to-day diﬃculties of living faced by disabled people. Increasingly, public buildings, houses and vehicles are being modiﬁed to ensure that these are user-friendly to such individuals. The health and social-work professions also contribute to reducing the impact of handicaps on the aﬀected individuals.
Article Categories:Medical Dictionary