Roxb.Family ► Caesalpiniaceae. Habitat ► Dry forests of Deccan Peninsula, Central India and parts of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Ayurvedic ► Anjana. Siddha/Tamil ► Katudugu, Kodapalai. Action ► Balsam—used for sexually transmitted diseases. The balsam is similar to Copaiba balsam (Copaifera langsdorffii Desf., Leguminosae) of Brasil and is used in leucorrhoea, chronic cystitis, gonorrhoea, combined with cubebs and sandal. The resin (not the oleo-resin) is used as diuretic. The essential oil of H. binata is not a substitute for Copaiba oil. The methanolic extract of the heart- wood yields beta-sitosterol, (+)-taxifo- lin, eriodictyol, (+)-catechin, (+)-epi- catechin and (+)-mopanol. The phenolic compounds are said to impart antibacterial and antifungal property to the herb. The bark has a good absorption capacity for mercury from water.
Article Categories:Indian Medicinal Plants